It looks like it may have. Experiments with baboons recounted in this New Scientist post indicate “that some of the mental processing involved in reading evolved separately from the specialised language centres that are unique to human brains.
In an impressive feat of memory, after a month and a half, the baboons had learned dozens of words. And after they had practiced for some time, they became much better at identifying real words from non-words. That means they had learned the rules that determine which letter orderings form real words, and could apply these rules to distinguish them from unlikely letter orderings…”
But there are some caveats so click here to learn more.