Open Access and the Future of Scholarly Communication

Column Editor: Sanford G. Thatcher (Director, Penn State Press, USB 1, Suite C, 820 N. University Drive, University Park, PA 16802-1003; Phone: 814-865-1327; Fax: 814-863-1408) [email protected],

Column Editor’s Note: This article is the text of a talk given at the University of Rochester on September 23 under the auspices of its Andrew Neilly Lecture Series, which on this occasion was meant to help celebrate the 20th anniversary of the University of Rochester Press. The author would like to thank the press’s director, Suzanne Guiod, and the library’s director, Susan Gibbons, for extending the invitation and being such congenial hosts. — ST

As a term of art, “open access” (OA) has been widely used for not even a decade yet, probably gaining its popularity after a series of declarations identified with the cities of Budapest, Bethesda, and Berlin made it a familiar phrase to many early in this new century. It came into being in roughly the same period as the word “open source,” with which it is sometimes unfortunately confused but with which it has in common the inspiration of a democratic ideal of open and free communication and the sharing of knowledge.

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